No one among us likes to be sweating all the time, but many of us are affected with hyperhidrosis that is explained as a medical condition in which the body perspires more than the ordinary physiological requirements.
When we say physiological requirements, we refer to the fact that some amount of sweating is necessary to the human body so as to control the temperature of the body; but what occurs beyond it, is hyperhidrosis.
Sweating in the human body is controlled by the Sympathetic Nervous System.
When it overworks to create more sweat in the body, it results in the condition called hyperhidrosis. This can either be sudden or continuous and occurs in basically four parts of the body:
- Hands (Palmer Hyperhydrosis)
- Armpits (Axillary Hyperhydrosis)
- Feet (Planter Hyperhydrosis)
- Face (Facial Hyperhydrosis)
While these are the regional areas affected by hyperhidrosis, the generalized state of it can affect the whole body.
There can be various causes for hyperhidrosis like strong medication for another ailment, menopause of which hot flashes are a characteristic feature, thyroid disease, heart attack (one of the primary symptoms of which is profuse sweating) and some kind of infectious disease. In case one makes it to the root cause of the problem, it’s always advised to treat that, such as hyperhidrosis is also treated automatically.
Hyperhidrosis is identified by the occurrence of sweaty hands, armpits and feet. The person who suffers from this condition normally gets sweat so much that it can soak his clothes. The person has clammy skin which can be dripping with sweat. This happens quite often with hyperhydrosis patients and without any apparent cause while normally a person sweats in this fashion only when there is immense heat or one has worked out in a gym.
In case the sweat attacks are more frequent and are accompanied with chest or stomach pains, this can indicate severe problems like heart attack and thus, proper medical attention needs to be given.
If one sees the above stated symptoms of hyperhydrosis and they start being visible more often, it can be a case of hyperhydrosis and one should start looking for a good dermatologist. The treatment schedule normally followed includes a series of blood tests and questioning about the symptoms identified by you. There can be conditions like overactive thyroid gland identified, as a result of the blood test. The specialist might also conduct a thermoregulatory sweat test, in which a moisture sensitive powder is applied to the skin that changes color when one sweats and helps the specialist identify the type of hyperhidrosis you have. After all these tests and the examinations, the doctor can suggest the best treatment possible for your problem.
Hyperhydrosis indeed can be a major problem for many of us, but the good news is that there are various types of treatments available that can be of use:
- Anti-perspirants: There are various types of anti-perspirants available in the market that can e used by the hyperhidrosis patients. These contain higher concentration of aluminium chlorohydrate that when applied to the armpits, can form sweat plugs that do not allow sweat to come out of the body. The impact of these can last from two nights to one week. However, those who are severely affected by this problem may not be benefitted by them.
- Anticholinergic Solutions: These are Drysol or Aluminium Chloride Hexahydrate solutions which are beneficial to those people who experience sweating and hyperhidrosis on certain areas in the body. They can apply these on those areas in the night, wash them off in the morning (not doing so can lead to skin irritation) and get rid of hyperhidrosis at those spots. One can get these from medical stores without any prescriptions. They certainly help one get rid of the sweating problem, but in some cases they might not suit the skin type.
- Medications: There are available various types of medicines and drugs that can be helpful in curing hyperhidrosis, but one should use them carefully and after proper consultation with a physician as they can lead to some serious side-effects like dry mouth, constipation, dizziness or worsened hyperhidrosis.
- Botox: These days, Botox injections are also used to provide a cure to hyperhydrosis also. These injections are given at the spots where sweating occurs in order to seal the open pores there. This can be effective but one needs to give a proper thought to this, as it can be a painful procedure to carry out.
In severe cases, surgery is also an option that can be taken for getting rid of hyperhidrosis. In this surgery, the sweat glands are removed or deep incisions are given in them, such as to block the flow of sweat from them. This again is a painful and extreme type of treatment that needs to be under taken after thinking well about it.
Even though there are various types of treatments available for hyperhidrosis, one should always try to prevent surgeries and look for alternative ways like personal hygiene, and cleanliness, which can help one overcome the state of hyperhidrosis.